Leather for Gloves is made from the skins of animals from around the world.
When the skins reach the leather yard, they are cleansed by soaking in water and then de-haired.
There are several different methods of tanning, producing leather with distinctive characteristics.
Ines gloves are made of vegetable tanned leather.
The majority of dress gloves are made from Lambskins and Sheepskins, and the characteristics of these will vary according to the part of the world the animal lives.
Other skins of animals used include the Antelope, Buck, Calf, Deer, Goat, Peccary, and Reindeer.
The tanner, when he turns these skins into leather, must preserve their natural run and stretch to ensure the glove or other items of clothing remain close fitting and flexible.
Leather is ideal for gloves because of this, and also because it so smart and attractive, so strong and wears well, so soft and pliable.
Glacé gloves is the essence of well-designed, elegant hand-wear. It is a very simple sort of glove.
However, it is this simplicity that spawns great complexity.
The Glacé, in essence, is unlined, which, quite simply, means that the glove is made of only one layer of leather.
This allows the Glacé glove to have unique attributes, namely that is that it takes on the form of one’s, hand, practically feeling and functioning as a second skin.
However, for a glove of this simplicity to actually have these qualities, two things must be incorporated.
Primarily the leather must be of absolute superior quality.
If it does not, the glove will not completely take on the shape of your hand and, even worse, the gloves will not be colorfast.
This means that the gloves will stain your hands.
Secondly, the design and manufacturing must be precise.
This complements the top-notch quality of the leather and the glove, as a whole.
Cabretta: A thin, fine leather made from the skin of Brazilian hair sheep.
Cape or Capeskin: A superior thin leather made from the skin of South African hair sheep.
Carpincho The water rodent of Brazil. The leather has excellent stretch, is soft but hard wearing. A distinguishing feature is the hair-holes which are in groups of 3 to7.
Chamois Originally made from the skins of the Alpine Antelope or Chamois, but now made from sheep or lambskins from which the grain is split off and the lower or flesh layer is oil dressed. A washable, supple leather, creamy yellow in color.
Doeskin Originally made from the female deer, but now from sheep or lambskins where the grain is split off, and the lower or flesh layer is tanned with formaldehyde. A light-weight washable leather often produced in white, but takes light colors readily.
Grain: The side of the leather that had the hair, i.e. the outside. Full Grain has the original surface, whereas corrected grain has been abraded to make the leather smoother and more uniform.
Grain Finish This is produced on the hair side of the skin giving a shiny glossy surface. The term –Glacé- is sometimes used. It is not correct to use the term 'Kid' that is often loosely applied to any light weight grain finish glove leather.
Kidskin Leather from a young milk-fed goat, mostly of European origin. A fine tight grain skin, light in weight and durable.
Lambskin Curley The skins of lambs dressed with the wool on, and according to the source of supply, maybe of curly wool or straight wool type. Care has to be taken in the dyeing to see that the wool is left white and the skin dyed to the required colour. This leather makes very warm and comfortable gloves for winter wear.
Peccary A pig-like animal of Mexico and South America. The leather is smooth, firm and supple and very durable and can easily be recognised by the hair-holes which are in groups of three. It makes a very smart glove for casual, sporty and chic wear. Peccary leather is very expensive.
Shearlings The skins of domestic sheep from a number of different countries, dressed with the wool on, which is combed and shorn to give a standard length of wool. The finished leather is heavier and firmer than the Lambskin and is ideal for Mitts.
Suede Any glove leather may be sueded on either the grain or the flesh side by running the leather against an emery wheel, but the process is generally applied to the flesh side. Where the finish is applied to the grain, which is removed, then this is sometimes called 'Buffed' leather.
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